UAMS offers the only Gamma Knife Center in the state of Arkansas. This is yet another way in which UAMS and the UAMS Department of Neurosurgery are striving to provide cutting-edge, noninvasive care for our patients and remain at the forefront of medical technology.
Gamma Knife radiosurgery is a type of radiation therapy used to treat tumors and other abnormalities of the brain. During Gamma Knife radiosurgery, up to 192 different beams of radiation are focused with extreme accurace on the tumor or area to be treated. Utilizing the latest diagnostic imaging and specialized three-dimensional treatment planning software, the Neurosurgeons who provide Gamma Knife procedures at UAMS design a customized treatment plan which directs the radiation beams to converge on the specific target location delivering the full treatment dose. This precise delivery of the radiation results in minimal damage to healthy tissues surrounding the target.
Gamma Knife radiosurgery is designed to treat patients with a variety of brain conditions, including:
- Benign brain tumors, such as acoustic neuromas, menigiomas, pituitary adenomas, pineal tumors, craniopharyngiomas, chordomas, and low grade glial and glomus tumors
- Malignant brain tumors such as high grade glial tumors or glomus tumors, condroscarcoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma
- Metastatic tumors, including single and multiple lesions
- Vascular malformations such as arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and cavernous malformations
- Functional disorders, including trigeminal neuralgia